Many people suffer from hearing loss…
In fact, the latest available statistics show that approximately 48 million people report difficulty hearing! And as the population continues to age, that number promises to increase dramatically.
Are you one of those millions of people who do not hear as well as they once did? If so, you are certainly not alone. Consider these statistics reported by Sergei Kochkin, Ph.D., Executive Director of the Better Hearing Institute:
- 3 in 10 people over age 60 have hearing loss;
- 1 in 6 Baby Boomers have a hearing problem;
- 1 in 14 Generation Xers have hearing loss;
- At least 1.4 million children (18 or younger) have hearing problems;
- An estimated 3 in 1,000 infants are born with serious to profound hearing loss.
It is estimated that 3 in 1,000 infants are born with serious to profound hearing loss.
In addition, studies have linked untreated hearing loss to emotional, physical, mental, psychological and even economic disadvantages. And, to make matters even worse, there are many myths about hearing loss that prevent those with an impairment from doing anything about it.
Causes of Hearing Loss
One of the most common myths about hearing loss is that only old people suffer from it. In fact, the reverse is true. The majority (65%) of people with hearing loss are younger than 65 and six million people in the U.S. between 18 and 44 suffer from hearing loss.
The truth is, there are several causes of hearing loss with exposure to noise ranking high among them. The primary causes of hearing loss are:
- Exposure to noise
- Family history of hearing loss
- Aging process
- Head trauma
Types of Hearing Loss
Not all hearing loss can be corrected through the use of hearing aids or alternative listening devices. The type of hearing loss determines the specific treatment required.
There are four types of hearing loss:
- Conductive: Affects the middle and outer ear. May be correctable with medication or surgery. This could be caused by something as simple as earwax buildup.
- Sensorineural: Affects the inner ear. Usually irreversible, but hearing aids commonly help. This is caused when tiny hairs in the cochlea are missing or damaged.
- Mixed: This is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
- Central: Strokes and central nerve diseases are often the cause of this type of hearing loss.